What is the difference between ceramic and porcelain tiles?
|Material||Made from red or white clay fired in a kiln||Made by the dust pressed method from porcelain clays|
|Firing Temperature||2100 degress F / 1150 degrees C||Up to 2500 degrees F / 1350 degrees C|
|Water Absorption||More than 0.5%, usually 3-10%||Less than 0.5%|
|PEI Rating||PEI I - III (Rarely IV)||PEI IV - V|
|Physical||Softer / Lighter||Harder / Heavier|
|Traffic||Light to Moderate||Light to Heavy|
|Outdoor Use||Yes, as long as it provides enough slip resistance and not in frost affected areas.||Yes, as long as it provides enough slip resistance.|
The Porcelain Enamel Institute (PEI) has developed a rating scale that can guide a consumer through the process of choosing the right tile for right area and the wear expectations of the tile.
PEI 1 - Suitable for floors that are walked on with soft footwear or bare feet only. For areas that are not subject to scratching dirt and do not have direct access from out side.
PEI 2 - Suitable for areas that are walked on with soft soled or normal footwear. Residential floors in living areas not subject to harsh shoes or heavy traffic. Not recommended for kitchen floors or entry ways.
PEI 3 - Suitable for light residential floor areas including kitchens, corridors, halls where normal footwear is used without direct external access. Entry areas should be protected by mats to restrict abrasive soils and dirt from being trodden onto the surface.
PEI 4 - Suitable for heavy residential or light commercial floor areas subject to considerable traffic including entrances, workrooms, restaurants and any area in a domestic home where normal footwear is used.
PEI 5 - This is the maximum resistance against footwear traffic available. Suitable for all heavy duty floor areas for domestic or commercial use. Ideal for shopping centres, airport terminals and other high traffic harsh environment.
We offer free measure and quotes on any tiling jobs. If you prefer, bring in your scaled building plans, or a drawing with measurements so we can estimate how many tiles you need. You will need to allow extra, usually 10% for straight tiling and 15% for diamond pattern or tiles 600 x 600mm or larger. This allows for any breakages during transport and waste when cutting.
Ceramic tiles are a practical, low maintenance flooring material and are easy to clean. Regular maintenance should include dry or damp mopping with warm water and one our excellent cleaners. When tiles are initially laid, a stronger cleaner may be needed to remove grout haze. Porcelain and natural stone products may require different cleaning products, which we also keep in stock.
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